- In Chinese flower culture, the lotus is the subject of poems and paintings endowed with artistic appeal; it is the material of graceful dances; and it is a common pattern and design of various architectural decorations, sculpture artworks and daily utensils.
- In this world there are many kinds of flowering plants, whether on water or land, that appeal to ones liking. Tao Qian in the Jin Dynasty alone devoted himself to the chrysanthemum. Since the early days of the Tang Dynasty it has been fashionable to admire the peony; but my favorite is the lotus flower. How stainless it rises from its slimy bed! How modestly it reposes on the clear pool? An emblem of purity and truth! Symmetrically perfect, its subtle perfume is wafted far and wide, while it rests in spotless state, something to be regarded reverently from a distance, and not to be profaned by familiar approach.