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Located in Western Inner Mongolia, Baotou Prefecture covers an area of 27,768 square kilometers (10718 square miles), with a population of around 2.60 million. A 214-kilometer (133-mile) stretch of the Yellow River runs through the prefecture. Baotou is the largest city in Inner Mongolia, and one of the important industrial bases of the country. The city's name means 'place with deer' in the Mongolian language, hence the city has the nickname "Deer City".

Although Baotou's development as a city is of relatively short history, records of human settlement can be traced back to almost 5,000 years ago. In 1809, it was incorporated as a town, and it became a city in 1953, from which time Baotou has been known for its steel production.

Baotou is rich in ethnic and tourist resources. The best time to visit Baotou is during summer and autumn, when the weather is pleasant, and the grassland is in the best condition. Baotou has a convenient transportation network that links with many major cities in China.

The Mausoleum of Genghis Khan, 185 km (115 miles) south of Baotou City, is the most famous sight. This is a sacred place where Mongolian people gather to commemorate and offer sacrifices to the legendary hero, Genghis Khan, the establisher of the Mongol Empire.

Wudangzhao Lamasery, located 70 km (43.5 miles) northeast of Baotou, is the largest and best-preserved Tibetan Lamasery in Inner Mongolia. Meidaizhao Lamasery is unique in layout, as it is more like a walled city, with temples, royal palaces and city gates. Both are important centers for spreading Tibetan Buddhism in Inner Mongolia, and are of great importance for the study of the history, religion, and arts of Inner Mongolia.

Resonant Sand Bay offers you the unique experience of hearing sand sing! The reason for this natural phenomenon is still a mystery to the world. Muslims can visit and worship at Baotou Great Mosque in the city center.

The best way to experience Mongolian traditional customs is to ride a camel in the vast desert or grassland, visit or live in the Mongolian yurts, drink a bowl of hot milk tea, enjoy a meal of finger mutton, and listen to Mongolian folk songs. All these will get you closer to the life and culture of Mongolian herdsmen.

Tips & articles

70 kilometers (approx. 43 miles) northeast of Baotou, near a valley named Wudang Gou, lies the Wudangzhao Monastery which is a large Tibetan Buddhist monastery. It is the biggest and the best preserved lama monastery in Inner Mongolia's Autonomous Region. ...Read More
Meidai Lamasery, lying in Tumd Right Banner at the southern foot of Daqing Mountain, was built by Longqing Emperor Altan khan, chief of Tumd Mongolian Tribe of the Ming Dynasty. The Lamasery is, in fact, the combination of a town and a temple. It is some 50 km ...Read More
The Baotou Resonant Sand Gorge, located 50km south of the city proper, is more a place of natural beauty than of historical importance. The Gorge is a part of the vast Gobi desert that starts just to the south of Baotou and that spreads over Inner Mongolia, ...Read More

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Recent posts

by Mellissa 2011-05-23
Genghis Khan, "Khan of Khans", was the great leader of Mongolians. At the end of 12th century, he united Mongolian tribes and challenged other powers to expand his huge Mongolian empire, which extended from South China to the Caspian Sea. In 1277, Khan attacked the West Xia Kingdom (presently Ningxia) and encountered strong resistance. He died of disease and ...
by Abijah 2011-05-23
Xilamuren Grassland Xilamuren Grassland is located south-east of Baotou and is nationally renowned as a summer-retreat, the grassland rolls next to the Zhao River, one of Inner-Mongolia's most beautiful Rivers. On the boundless Xilamuren Grassland also runs the Xilamuren River, dotting this natural green carpet like a silver belt. The Puhui Temple constructe...
by Rearden 2011-05-20
From August 8th to 10th, 2010, the 2nd Baotou, China China Rare Earth Industry Development Forum was held in the Rare Earth High-Tech Zone of Baotou, which was themed on the development and desirable win-win result of Chinese luminescent material industrial chain . The forum was hosted jointly by the Division of Chemical, Metallurgical and Materials ...