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The city of Haikou is situated at the northeastern end of the slightly southwesterly-northeasterly oriented island of Hainan . Haikou became the capital of Hainan and a prefecture level city – as well as a Special Economic Zone – when the island was made into a separate province in 1988. Prior to this, Hainan Island belonged to Guangdong Province on the mainland, across the Hainan Strait from Hainan Island. Haikou, which means "Sea Mouth", is also the island's hub in every respect save at least one: the city of Sanya , situated on the almost diametrically opposite southwestern end of the island, is the island's prime tourist resort.

That said, Haikou is not lacking in charm, even if it is not sourrounded by mountains and even if its temperature is marginally cooler than that of Sanya (the key word here being "marginally" – the spread in average temperatures between the two cities is only 2-3 degrees). Haikou is better known as "Coconut City", thanks to the many elegant coconut trees (coconut palms) that line the streets of the city, and which abound everywhere, providing the city with a picturesque touch.

Haikou has a relatively long, uneventful ancient history, with a more eventful recent history, like the rest of Hainan Island, as the next section illustrates. This is to say that although the island became a part of Imperial China early on, i.e., during the Western Han (BCE 206 – CE 009) Dynasty, the island remained pretty much unheard of, except for the its role as a place of exile for disgraced public officials and artists (writers, painters, poets, etc.) who ran afoul of the Imperial court, though sometimes such a banishment was more an act of factional rivalry than based on factual circumstances (persuading the emperor to banish a public official or an influential artist who was critical of one's faction at court was a convenient way to appropriate said official's property, to silence the opposition, or to settle old scores, as the case may be).

Another historical event on the island was the retreat of many of the indigenous peoples to the mountainous southwestern part of the island in the face of the influx of ever-increasing numbers of Han Chinese immigrants.  

Tips & articles

Wen chang City, lying in the northeast of Hainan Province, is the hometown of over 3 million overseas Chinese. Its subtropical location has a delightful climate with adeqate sunshing and spring all year round that makes it an excellent place for golf...Read More
Kangle Garden Spa & Golf Club is located in the famous Xinglong Hot Spring City in the southeast of Hainan. It is about 1 hour and 45 minutes drive away from Haikou and only 1 hour drive away from Sanya. Xinglong is very famous for its well-known national golf ...Read More
Taida Golf Club is the first one in Hainan.It is located twenty-two kilometers off Haikou and only five kilometers away from MeiLan International Airport , which is within easy reach. The course was initially constructed in 1989 and opened to public in 1992. ...Read More

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Recent posts

by Blythe 2011-05-23
The Wugong Temple was built during the reign of Emperor Wanli in Ming Dynasty (1368~1644AD), had been rebuilt during the reign of Emperor Guangxu in Ch'ing Dynasty (1616~1911AD) and was renovated several times later. It was built in order to commemorate the five historic figures who were banished to Hainan Province in Tang Dynasty (618~907AD) and Song ...
by Yancy 2011-05-23
The Tomb of Hai Rui was built in the 17th year of the reign of Wanli in Ming Dynasty (1589A.D.) Located at Biya Village, Xiuying District, Haikou City in Hainan Island, it was the burial ground of the Ming Dynasty upright official Hai Rui, today it has become a famous scenic spot in Haikou, Hainan Island. The graveyard of Hai Rui is simple and solemn, ...
by Joey 2011-05-23
Boao at the outlet of the Wanquan River to the sea is also the confluence of the Longgun River and the Jiuqu River. Time and tide have created here some magnificent sandbanks and islets. This area is so far the best-preserved river exit to the sea in the world. The water, the beaches, the green forests on the seashore, the coconut palms swaying at sea ...