Shannan Prefecture is known as the Birthplace of Tibetan
Civilization. It lies to the south of the Nyainqentanglha
Mountains, along the middle reaches of the Yarlung Zangpo River,
and enjoys a comparatively mild climate.
The prefecture covers an area of around 80,000 square kilometers,
with an average altitude of about 3600m and a total population of
320,000, including mostly Monba, but also Tibetan, Han, Hui and
Shannan is the most prosperous and oldest part of Tibet. The
well-known Tubo Regime (a historic period in Tibetan history) was
derived from the agricultural civilization in Shannan. Shannan was
the origin of the Tibetan civilization and became the ruling center
twice in Tibetan history.
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