Zhaoling Tomb, the tomb of Hongtaiji and his wife, Xiaoduanwen
Queen, is a Key Cultural Relic Unit under State Protection.
Zhaoling Tomb, also called North Tomb due to its location in the
north of Shenyang, enjoys equal fame with Fu Tomb and Yong Tomb.
All these tombs are jointly called three imperial tombs outside
Shanhaiguan. However, Zhaoling Tomb is much beyond the other two in
terms of scale and layout.
Zhaoling Tomb is the largest park in Shenyang City, covering an
area of 330 hectares. In the eighth year of Chongde in Qing
Dynasty, the tomb of Huangtaiji and his wife Bo'erjijite was
completed. In 1927, Zhaoling Tomb was authorized to be a park by
Fengtian government, and got the name of North Tomb.
As one of tourist attractions and historic sites in Shenyang,
Zhaoling Tomb is the essence of China's ancient architectures, and
also the representative of cultural communication between Manchus
and Han nationalities. There are decorated archways, ornamental
columns, cloud pillars and some stones animals, such as standing
elephant, standing horse, sleeping camel, kylin, sitting lion and
Xiezhi (the mythical Chinese beast) on both sides of the road, face
to face with each other.
Square City is the main part of the park, and the layout is similar
to that of Fu Tomb. Under the Bao City is the underground palace,
the coffin chamber of Huangtaiji and his queen.
Zhaoling Tomb is spacious and bright with splendour pavilions and
palaces. The yellow tiles, red walls and green trees set each other
off. After liberation, North Tomb has been greatly restored and
expanded so it combines traditional ancient architecture with
modern park features. When stay in the park, recalling the past you
will have all sorts of feelings welled up in the mind. It is a
place one must visit when go to Shenyang.