It is one of the earliest passes in China and also the birthplace
of Classic of the Way and Virtue, the most famous book written by
Laozi, the great thinker and philosopher of ancient China. The
scenic spot enjoys global reputation because of its famous people,
famous book and famous pass. It has a stele reads "the source of
Taoism" written by the former chairman of Taoism Association.
The total area of the scenic spot is 16.9 square kilometers,
constituted by Hangu pass and Taichu palace. Hangu pass was built
in Spring and Autumn Period and is famous for its dangerous
terrain, ranging from Yaoshan mountain in the east to Tongjin in
the west. It has always been an important pass for soldiers since
it was built.
Taichu palace is the place where Laozi wrote the famous book. The
book is his masterpiece, containing his thoughts in various fields,
such as the sky, the earth, human being, politics, economy,
military, art, ethics and health cultivation. Since 1992, people
hold annual commemorative activity for Laozi at Hangu pass, where
many travelers at home and abroad would visit.
It has over 20 main scenic spots, including Guan building, Taichu
palace, Dadao yard, Health Garden, Cangjing buiding, Zhanzi
building, Jiming building, tablet groups, wax museum, etc. Two
costume pieces named Laozi Welcoming Guests and Battle in Hangu
Pass are performed every day in the park, so as to reconstruct the
famous war and the image of Laozi for tourists.
Location: on the border of three provinces, in Lingbao city of Henan
Province. About 75 kilometers from Sanmenxia city and 12 kilometers
from Lingbao city.
Taichu Palace: As the birthplace of Laozi's masterpiece, Classic of the Way and
Virtue, the palace was firstly built in Western Zhou, and later
restored in Tang, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty. Facing south, it is
a hip-roofed palace with two rooms constructed of wood and bricks.
It has pottery ridges with two sculpted lions playing a ball in the
middle and iron finial on the top. The side ridges were sculpted
into quadrupeds made of yellow and green glaze. Inside the palace,
there is a statue of Laozi writing his masterpiece with a guard
called Yinxi and a cowboy named Xujia standing besides him.
Guan Building: Also called Phoenix Building. It is a three-story building with a
height of 18.8 meters. It has double gates with the architectural
style of Qin and Han Dynasty. It is the very place where the troops
of five kingdoms were defeated by Qin kingdom in 241 B.C, and also
a famous battlefield for the rebellion troops led by two officials
in Tang Dynasty, An Lushan and Shi Siming, to fight against the
governmental troops. The building was burned by Xiang Yu when he
was fighting for power with Liu Bang. In 1992, it was reconstructed
according to a brick statue unearthed in Qingyang Palace in
Chengdu, Sichuan Province. Now it is considered as a symbolic
architecture in the scenic spot.
Dadaoyuan Palace: Covering 716 square meters, the flush gable roofed palace has
eight rooms. It is the largest architecture that was built in
imitation of the architecture in Qin and Han Dynasty in Henan
Province. It shows the thought of three religions combination,
focusing on the culture of Taoism. The whole balsam green
architecture is magnificent and solemn, simple and elegant. Inside
the palace, there are 1682 Buddhism lights and some statues of
Taoism figures like Laozi, Confucius, Sakyamuni and the eight
Take No.1 bus at Lingbao railway station or the bus station and
later transfer to No.8 bus
7:30 am~18:30 pm in summer
8:00 am~18:00 pm in winter