The tomb of Guo state, a cemetery of of Western Zhou and Spring and
Autumn period, is the only neatly arrayed and perfectly conserved
cemetery with large scale and all the classes of people. It
measures 324,500 square meters in total. Since 1956 when it was
discovered, people found out over 800 sites of various kinds and
nearly 30,000 unearthed antiques.
In particular the two monarches' tombs discovered in the 1990s,
thanks to their large amount of unearthed antiques, high values and
high status of the people in the tomb, were appraised as one of the
new discoveries in China for consecutive two years and were
nominated on the list of 100 new discoveries in China during the
The basic exhibits are: unearthed antiques from the tomb of Guo
state, unearthed antiques from the tomb of the queen in Guo state,
the under ground relic groups of chariots and soldiers and the
relic group of the tomb of the third prince. The most magnificent
are the pit of chariots and soldiers and the prince's tomb.
The exhibition hall contains No.1 pit, No.2 pit and No.3 pit. The
three pits are closely connected together with soldiers standing in
array. They are the earliest company tombs in China, even earlier
than the Terra Cotta Warriors in Qin Dynasty for 600~700 years.
They are considered as the largest underground chariot pits in
The magnificent king tomb reflects the bury custom and hierarchy in
Western Zhou. What's more, there are many jade wares being shaped
like living things, taken as a tool to close dead people's eyes in
Spring and Autumn Period, such as jade veil shaping like man's
facial organs and delicate jade wears that can be worn around the
The iron sword with bronze core and jade hilt is regarded as the
first sword in China, indicating the history of our smelting
industry is 200 years earlier than we thought. The museum is
uniquely built with delicate and sumptuous treasure and magnificent
underground battle array. Besides, as the birthplace of Guo family,
the place receives many visitors with the family name every year.
The Guo state used to be an enfeoffment of a royal family member in
the early period of Western Zhou. Thanks to its great military
power and brave soldiers, the state won the appreciation of the
royal family and had great influence over the neighbourhood. In the
late Western Zhou, it was moved to Sanmenxia from Shaanxi province,
and founded the capital in Shangyang. Later it offended Jin kingdom
by sparing no effort in protecting the authority of the king in Guo
state. In 655 B.C, Jin kingdom fooled the state by sending troops
from Yu kingdom and finally destroyed the state.
Location: On North Ring road at Hubin district of the city of Sanmenxia,
Henan province, 1.5 kilometers from the city center.
Feature: The museum of Guo state is a relic-themed museum combined with
antique display, relic exhibition and garden view besides the tomb
of Guo state in Western Zhou.
Guidance for visitors
The services provided by the museum are as follows:
Interpreting service: in Mandarin and English language
Parking service: the parking lot stands in front of the museum
gate, therefore it is very convenient.
Shopping service: we sell souvenirs that are mainly mimics of unearth antiquity of
Opening time: 9:00-18:30 in summer and spring (April 1st ~October 30th )
9:00-17:30 in autumn and winter (November 1st~ March 30th )
Traffic routes: take No.1 bus at Sanmenxia railway station, No.6 bus at the
entrance of Sanmenxia highway, or No.5 bus, No.1 Shaan bus at the
west railway station of Sanmenxia.