If Sun Yat-Sen was important in the founding of modern China,
Confucius (Kong Fuzi) who taught philosophy in China 2,500 years
ago is considered the most important figure in the shaping of
ancient Chinese civilization as well as the cultures of the
countries of Japan, Vietnam, and Korea. He was born in 551 BC in
the Lu Kingdom south of modern Shandong Province.
Knowledge of the Confucian texts that were written after he died
and of Chinese characters became the key for success in imperial
examinations in China for a thousand year period before the modern
era. To pass the test, people had to memorize entire texts.
The Confucius Temple is south of the city’s central district. There
was a temple that was built in the year 1034 during the Song
Dynasty period on the banks of the Qinhuai River. During the past
millennium, it was renovated, reconstructed, and enlarged so that
it became a large complex. It was used by Confucian scholars. Next
to it was the Jiangnan Gongyuan that was the largest examination
area for people taking the imperial examinations and the Xue Gong
that was the Qing Imperial Academy for training mandarins to govern
the vast empire. The Japanese destroyed the whole complex in 1937.
But in 1984, the government built new buildings in the Ming and
Qing styles. Around it, tourist shops, snack bars, restaurants and
hotels were built, and in the complex are shopping boutiques that
feature local craft objects like wood carvings and Yuhua Pebbles, commodities such an salted duck and tea, and manufactured
souvenirs like folding fans and silk fabrics. Inside the building
is a large statue of Confucius and panels with jade, gold and
silver that illustrate the life of Confucius.No. 2. 4 Travel line buses and No. 1、4、7、30、31、37、40、47、49、301、304
How to Get to there?