The Eight Temples are located in the east and north surrounding the
Palace complex in the shape of numerous stars embosoming the moon,
which symbolizes the unification of the nation and friendly
relationships between the various nationalities in the country.
The temples stand in the north of the Great Wall and eight among
them were governed directly by Lifan Court in Qing dynasty and
registered in Beijing Lama Print Office, hence the name of Eight
The Eight Temples are the embodiment of the combination of the Han
and Tibetan art of architecture. They along with the Summer Palace
was listed to the world Heritage site together in September, 1994.
The Eight Outer Temples actually refers to the historically
existing 12 temples- the Boren Temple, Boshan Temple, Puning
Temple, An'yuan Temple, Pule Temple, Puyou Temple, Putuozongcheng
Temple, Guang'an Temple, Suxiang Temple, Luohan Hall (luohan, arahat in buddhist term), the temple for praying happiness and longevity
and Kuixing Attic, but only 7 them are well preserved.. The Boshan
Temple, Guang'an Temple and Kuixing Attic do not exist now, The
Puyou Temple and Luohan Hall have suffered serious damage and only
some parts remain.
The twelve temples were built during the heydays under the reign of
the two emperor Qianlong and Kangxi successively with 67 years'
effort to complete. The Boren Temple and Boshan Temple were set up
during the emperor Kangxi's reign, while the other ten were
completed during Emperor Qianlong period.
These temples were mainly used by the upper classes and dignitaries
of the west and north minorities in China to have an audience with
the emperor. The architecture mainly built in three manners:
Tibetan style, Han style and the mixture of the two. These ornate
majestic and resplendent temples are sharp contrasts to the palace
complex of its primitive simplicity with green bricks and grey
The Eight Temples are ethereal examples of combination of the Han
building style and Tibetan building art. Putuozongcheng Temple,
largest one in scale, was a replica of the the Potala Palace in
Tibet and is nicknamed "the Little Potala".
It was constructed for the purpose of celebrating Emperor
Qianlong's 60th birthday and his mother's 80th birthday. The temple
is magnificent and spectacular with clinquant gold-plates and
copper tiles. Chengde tops the world in many aspects.
Take Puning Temple for example, there is the largest woodcarving
figure of Buddha---the Kwan-yin Bodhisattva with a thousand hands
in the world-wide in its Dacheng Attic. The statue of the
woodcaring Buddha is 22.28 meters in height and 110 tons in weight.
It was carved with the wood of pines, sypresses, elms, basses and
firry lumbers.The Eight Temples are all in Chengde urban district. There are
through buses to the destination. You can also set for the Eight
Temples in the north of the Great Wall by taking a taxi.
How to Get to there?