The Three Gorge Dam is the one of the largest dams in the world,
and Three Gorges Dam Scenic Area is a tourist attraction combining
modern project, nature scenery and cultural landscapes.
1. With an area of 15 square kilometers (5.8 square mils), the
Three Gorges Dam Scenic Area consists of five parts: Exhibition
Hall of the Three Gorges Project, Tanzi Ridge, 185 Platform,
Memorial Garden and Dam Viewing Point.
2. Located in the middle section of Xiling Gorge, one of the three
gorges (the other two are Wu Gorge and Qutang Gorge), the three
gorges form the most beautiful sections of the Yangtze River.
3. As one of the largest dams in the world, hence a reservoir
covers an area of 1,000 square kilometers (386 square miles)
formed, which is also an attractive landscape.
4. A Yangtze Cruise will pass the Three Gorges Dam.
The Three Gorges Dam Project was completed in 2009. Situated at
Sandouping Town of Yichang City, Hubei Province, the Three Gorges
Dam is the largest hydropower station in the world with an annual
energy output of 84.7 billion kilowatt-hours. The Three Gorges Dam
includes three areas: the dam itself, a hydroelectric, and a system
of locks. The height of the Three Gorges Dam is 185 meters (607 ft)
above the sea level. The dam is about 2,300 meters (7,546 ft) long
and about 115 meters (377 ft) wide. With a water capacity of 39.3
billion cubic meters, the dam will hold a huge reservoir which will
efficiently prevent flooding in the middle and lower portions of
the Yangtze River.
The 1,000-square-kilometers (386 square miles) reservoir is an
artificial lake showing visitors a picturesque view in sunny days
that the wide blue lake and the vast azure sky merge at the
horizon. The dam would discharge flood during the flood period
(July and August), if you are just visiting the Three Gorges Dam at
that time, you will enjoy the marvelous spectacle of flood
In July 2010, the flood peak arrived Three Gorges Dam with the
speed was 36,000 cubic meters per second, the dam opened 9
spillways to release the flood, so as to function in an emergency.
Through the 9 spillways, shot forth 9 water columns (50-meter or
164 ft long) in the water mist. At last, they turned into whitecap
and disappeared in the waves.
There are two good places to watch the dam. 185 Platform gets its
name because of its height–185 meters (607 ft), equivalent to the
height of the dam. Dam Viewing Point is the best position to have a
view on the dam and the marvelous spectacle of flood discharge.
As a modern wonder, the Three Gorges Dam together with Gezhou Dam
form a new landscape adorning the Yangtze River together with other
natural scenery (like The Lesser Three Gorges, Wu Gorge and
Shennong Stream), ancient relics (such as White Emperor City and Qu
Yuan Ancestral Temple).
Tanzi Ridge is located in the surveying point for the Three Gorges
Dam Project with a 262.5 meters (861 ft) height above sea level. So
it is the best position to have a panorama of the Three Gorges Dam
Project. The shape of Tanzi Ridge is just like a crock, hence its
name Tanzi (means crock in Chinese) Ridge.
The Tanzi Ridge is divided into three storeys according to the
increase of height. Visitors can enjoy the relievos, the
800-million-year old stone (more than 20 ton weight) from the
bottom of the Yangtze River, a huge book sculpture recorded the
introduction of the Three Gorges Dam Project, etc.
History and Background
It has taken 17 years to complete the entire project including
three stages, from 1993 to 2009. During the first phase (from 1993
to 1997), the main channel of the Yangtze River was blocked and its
water diverted into a side channel, so that the dam construction
could take place. The second phase lasted 6 years from 1998 to
During this period, the work was focused on constructing the
cofferdam (a temporary barrier that keeps water out of a normally
submerged area), the locks, and the hydroelectric plant. By the end
of 2003, the first and the second phases had been successfully
completed. During the third phase (from 2003 to 2009), the
installation of all machinery, the construction of the power
station and the dam on the right bank were finished.
Of course, the construction of the Three Gorges Dam Project has
brought a huge controversy relating to economic, technical,
environment, migration, tourism and the protection fields. The
construction of the dam has flooded archaeological and cultural
sites and displaced some 1.3 million people, and is causing
significant ecological changes, including an increased risk of
landslides. Hence the dam has been a controversial topic both in
China and abroad.
Till today, we need to face the benefits as well as the problems
from the Three Gorges Dam Project. For one hand, it brings many
benefits such as flood control, power generation, navigation and
tourism; for another hand, it also causes some problems like
sediment problem, environmental problem, migration problem, and
Ticket price: 105 yuan per adult.
How to get there: Every day in Yichang City, there are tourist shuttle buses
departing from No.80, Dongshan Avenue (东山大道80号) or Liuzhashou
Tourist Reception Center (六闸首游客接待中心) to the Three Gorges Dam
Tourist Area. Travelers can take city bus line 3, 4, 9, 21 and 100
to No.80, Dongshan Avenue; or take city bus line 1, 10, 21, 100,
101 to Yemingzhu Station, then change bus No.8, and get down at
Liuzhashou Tourist Reception Center.
Wu Gorge: the second of the Three Gorges and is flowed through by
Yangtze River, famous for its mountains covered with forests, and
changeable clouds and mists wreathing around the tops.
The Chinese Sturgeon Museum: is an institution dedicated to the
preservation of rare fishes named Chinese sturgeon living in the
Huangling Temple: one of the oldest buildings in the Three Gorges
area, it was first built in the Spring and Autumn Periods over 2500
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