Huangling Temple, on the south bank of the Yangtze River, within
the Xiling Gorge and 7 kilometers away from the Three Gorge Dam
site, is one of the oldest ancient buildings in the three Gorges area.
The Huangling Temple is truly a splendid building with crimson
walls and yellow roof. It was first built in the Spring and Autumn
Periods over 2500 years ago. According to legend the temple was
built to honor Yu the Great, who was believed as the first ruler of
the Xia Dynasty(the first Chinese Dynasty to be described in
ancient historical records), and is best remembered for teaching
people methods to harass the raging Yangtze River.
The temple has been destroyed and rebuilt for several times. The
remaining main building was built during the Ming Dynasty over 700
years ago and has been repaired in recent years.
After getting ashore, visitors have to climb up 36 steps before
reaching the temple gate. The main hall, Hall of the Yu the Great
looks magnificent. It is supported by 36 big pillars, each pillar
inscribed with many valuable hydrology records of the Yangtze River
region, including a flood submerging the temple 4 meters from the
floor. It is not surprisingly that the temple survived that flood,
given its sturdy pillars.
It is supported by 36 big pillars and there are some old tablets
inside, on which are written some characters about the hydrological
data in ancient times.
The area surrounding the temple is a veritable orange orchard,
which provides a beautiful setting for the temple.