The structure of the tomb is similar in style to the palace where
the emperor lived. The tomb is large. It has a volume of about
2,700 cubic meters. It mainly consists of the southern and northern
side-rooms and the front and back halls. The main room of the back
hall is where the inner and outer coffins made of white marble were
put. The coffin chamber was built with a good drainage system.
The tomb of Liu Sheng (King of the Zhongshan Kingdom) and the tomb
of Dou Wan (Queen of Liu Sheng) are both on the east side of the
the main peak. Their tombs are located in a row, and the gates of
the tombs both face east. The two tombs are about 120 meters from
each other. On the hillside in front of the tombs is an ancient
path aligned north to south that measures about 5 meters in width.
The coffin chamber of Liu Sheng is about 52 meters long with a
maximum width of 37.5 meters and a maximum height of 6.8 meters.
The volume of the coffin chamber is about 2,700 cubic meters. The
tomb is composed of the passage, the paved path, a south side-room,
a north side-room, the middle hall and the back hall.
The tomb of Dou Wan is similar to Liu Sheng's Tomb. It has a length
of 49.7 meters, a maximum width of 65 meters, a maximum height of
7.9 meters and a volume of 3,000 cubic meters. The entrance to the
tomb of Liu Sheng was sealed up with an adobe wall, and the tomb of
Dou Wan was sealed up with a brick wall. Molten iron was poured
into the wall and turned the wall into an iron wall in an attempt
to make the place secure.
In total, there are 10,633 historical and cultural objects that
were found in the two tombs including gold vessels, silverware,
ironware, jade articles, pottery, lacquer work, silk fabrics,
acupuncture needles and so on. Among them, over 4,000 objects are
of high value, especially the costly jade clothing, a gilt bronze
Human-Shaped Lamp, and an inlaid gold Boshan censer.
There are two complete suits of jade clothing that were their
burial clothes. Jade clothing that were sewn with wire like this
were actually funeral suits for the emperors or rulers. It was a
custom in the Warring States Period (476 – 221 BC) and was also a
custom in the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). The jade suits were
made to fit the deceased. The emperors were buried in jade garments
sewn with golden thread, lesser ranking people were buried in jade
garments sewn with silver thread, and officials and nobles were put
in jade garments sewn with copper thread.
Dou Wan and Liu Sheng were buried in suits that were made of flat
pieces of jade that were sewn together with gold wire. It was
thought that the jade had the virtue of mountains, so they were
buried like that. The high value and exquisite workmanship make the
clothes rare. The jade suit of Liu Sheng is a little longer than
that of the Queen, Dou Wan.
The one on Liu Sheng was made of 2,498 pieces of jade and 1,100
grams of gold wire (almost two and a half pounds of gold)! The
pieces were accurately shaped, polished and color matched. The
design of the jade suit on the queen is like that on her husband
except that it was composed of fewer pieces of jade and less gold.
The gilt bronze Human-Shaped Lamp is a gilded palace lamp 48
centimeters tall. It is held by a kneeling statue of a maid. There
are inscriptions carved on the lamp.
The Han Dynasty Tombs in Mancheng are 20 kilometers (about 12
miles) northwest of Baoding City. The site is on the east side of
the main peak of Lingshan Mountain.
The Han Dynasty Tombs in Mancheng were approved to be national
heritage preservation sites by the State Council of China in 1988.
And it is famous for the jade clothing that were sewn with gold
wire and a gilt bronze Human-Shaped Lamp that was found.
How To Go There
People can take Bus 10 in Baoding and get off at the crossing
of the Dynasty Tombs in Mancheng. Then they should walk about 150
meters, and they will reach their destination. If people choose to
drive there, they can set off from Baoding, and after half an
hour's driving on Baolai Road, they will reach the Han Dynasty
site. Tourists can take a cableway to go up the mountain and take
another way down. Along the road to the Han Dynasty site, there are
road signs and gas stations.