Abakh Khoia Tomb is at the northeast suburbs of Kashgar at Hanhao
Villages, around 5 kilometers away form the city. The environment
in that area is tranquil and beautiful with lush green vegetation,
dense forest. The grand tomb is heavily sheltered by the ancient
poplar trees which grow around the mausoleum.
The tomb served as the family tomb of Abakh Khoja, the powerful
ruler of Kashgar in the 17th century who was revered as a prophet
and second only to Mohammed. It was first built in 1640 and
contained 72 members belonging 5 generations of the family. Emperor
Qianlong's favored concubine-Xianggei(fragrant Concubine) was also
said to be buried here. The tomb is otherwise called Xiangfei Tomb.
Entering the main gate, visitors will see a big rectangle-shaped
courtyard, which contains a gate tower, higher and lower worship
walls, Doctrine-Teaching Hall, an orchard and the main tomb
chamber. The gate tower is small while very brilliant. Close to the
gate tower is a small mosque, which is used as a daily service hall
for the local muslins.
A larger church in the west part of the cemetery is where many
important religious activities take place. Muslims from South
Xinjiang Province will come here to do massive liturgy before they
go to worship the Abakh Khoja Tomb each Friday or on important
religious festivals. In the north part there is a doctrine-Teaching
Hall toped with a green dome.
The building complex is majestic and mosque-like with dome-toped
buildings, minarets and wooden fences integrated harmoniously.
The tomb chamber in the east of the cemetery is the main building
in the complex. It is the largest dome-style architecture found in
Xinjiang. The tomb chamber is 35 meters wide, 20 meters high. The
wall circled the chamber is over 10 meters high. The dome of the
main tomb chamber has a diameter of 17 meters.
The top of the dome is covered with bright glazed titles. At each
corner of the tomb base erects a huge column with a diameter of 3.5
meters. At each column's top, there is a small minaret with a
crescent symbol. The ceiling of the chamber is decorated with
delicate colored patterns and Arab words. Inside the chamber there
is a staircase leading to the top.
Of the 72 royals in the tomb, the most famous resident, however, is
a Uygur concubine (Xiangfei) of Qing's emperor Qianlong. After her
death, the hear-broken emperor had Xiangfei carried by royal
caravan all the way back to her hometown. The site is thus well
known among Chinese as Xiangfei Tomb.
How to Get to there?