Barkol Grassland is located in Kumul, northeast of the Xinjiang
Uygur Autonomous Region. It is 18 kilometers (11.12 miles)
northwest of Barkol County.
Barkol Grassland is the second largest grassland in Xinjiang.
Tourists can go to Barkol Grassland to avoid summer heat, and
entertain themselves in winter. It is also called “Hometown of
Barkol Grassland is 1650 meters above sea level. Jokuls are
glittering and translucent, with verdant pine forests and wreathing
clouds and fog, making the scenery changeable. This is called “Tian
Shan Song Xue”. Till now, Barkol is called “Hometown of Heavenly
About 5 kilometers (about 3.10 miles) south of Barkol ancient city,
there is a hill called “Yue Gong Tai” (Terrace of Sir Yue)
measuring about 200 meters high. Having jokuls on its back, “Yue
Gong Tai” faces the grassland, with uniquely-shaped stones and
beautiful peaks on its top and running creeks and waterfalls on its
foot. Overlooked from the top of “Yue Gong Tai”, the vast grassland
looks like a boundless ocean. Han ancient city and Man ancient city
are connected with each other, like a huge sea craft sailing in the
Next to “Yue Gong Tai” lies a valley where the scenery is quite
beautiful. The valley is twisting, mountain road winding. Scenery
suddenly becomes extensive when people come to the valley bottom.
Seeing the steep cliffs, green trees, exotic flowers and herbs,
tourists will feel that they enter a different world.
The valley smells fragrant because it abounds in herbs. Even in
cold winter with heavy snow, spring is evident everywhere in the
valley, with green grass, blossoming flowers and tall pine trees.
In the legendary, there lived a black dragon in the black valley,
travelling from the valley and the Dragon King's palace and thus
bringing the spring scenery to this valley.
"Jian Shan Zi" is on the south bank of Barkol Lake. Early in the
morning, when the whole grassland is still in a grey mist, the
mountain peaks have become red because of the sunshine of the
rising sun. This scenic spot is called “Jian Shan Xiao Ri” (meaning
the morning sun on the mountain top). On the huge rock on the top
of the mountain, a poetic sentence that "Dong Jun Pian You Yi,
Guang Zhao Jian Shan Dian" (meaning noblemen from the east coming
here with strong will, sun shining on the top of the mountain) was
carved in seal character.
It is told that this is carved by the fingers of Xuanzang and his
three disciples when they reached here on the way to India. There
is another scenic spot called “Sha Shan Gu Ying” (meaning the
ancient camp site in the sandy hills), in the sandy hills 48
kilometers (about 29.83 miles) east of the ancient city.
Barkol Lake in Kumul is a high land lake, with an elevation of 1585
meters. Around it, there a waving hills, with rich water and
grasses. In the lake, green waves are rippling. In summer, herdsmen
graze near the lake bank. Ranges of yurts, herds of cattle and ship
and melodious pastoral song make Barkol Lake an ideal summer
Barkol Lake is also known as Puleihai Lake or Poxi Lake. In Yuan
Dynasty (1206-1370), it was called Ba Er Ku Le Nao Er. It was also
known as Meng Gu Sha or Ba Er Ku Er in Qing Dynasty. There are lots
of beautiful tales about Barkol Lake. The most popular one tells a
story of girl of Han people and a Kazakh young man called Puleihai.
They fought together against a monster who attempted to destroy the
lake. At last, the girl became a stone under the Jianshan Mountain,
and the young man perished together with the monster into the lake.
They paid their lives for the happy life of other people. To
commemorate them, people named the creeks on the foot of Jianshan
Mountain "Han Gu Creeks" (meaning creeks of the Han girl) and named
the Lake “Puleihai Lake”.
Water in “Han Gu Creeks” are good for making mineral spring water.
Now, a joint mineral water factory has been set up with businessman
from Hong Kong.
How to Get There
People can take a bus from the Kumul Bus Station to the county town
of Barkol. It costs 300 to 400 RMB if people take a taxi to go