Korla or Kurla locates in central Xinjiang with an area of 7116.9
square kilometers. Korla means “overlook” in Uygur and is the
capital of the Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture, which has
a similar territory as France and claims the largest prefecture in
China. To the northeast, it is the Tarim Basin, to the north is the
Tianshan Mountain’s branches-Kuluke Mountain and Hualashan
Mountain, the Taklimakan Dessert (second largest desert in the
world) is on the south.
Korla has the Han (majority), Uygur, Mongolian, Hui and so on 23
nationalities, the minorities accounts for 30.1% of the population.
Korla has long been a prosperous and the biggest centre in the
region after Karashahr itself with abundant water and extensive
farmlands, as well as controlling the main routes to the south and
west of Karashahr. Due to the discovery of oil in the Taklimakan
Desert, Korla is now both more populous and far more developed than
Karashar. Korla is home to a huge operational center for Petro
China's exploration in Xinjiang. It is known for its production of
fragrant pears, which are well known in the region for their
sweetness and flavor-so called “the City of Pears”.