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Ganzi County is located in the northwestern part of Ganzi Zang Minority Autonomous Prefecture in western Sichuan Province along the Yalong Jiang River. It is 752 kilometers away from the provincial capital of Chengdu, and 385 kilometers away from the prefecture capital of Kangding. Ganzi County has long been the political, economic and cultural center of the northern part of the prefecture, and a constant battleground in history. Currently, as a commodity distribution center and a trade center, the county holds a position of strategic significance on the Sichuan-Tibet Northern Line. The county covers an area of 5.3 square kilometers, and has a total population of 846,000.

As has been mentioned, Ganzi County is situated in a key area of the Sichuan-Tibet Northern Line, one of the “north and south lines” between Sichuan and Tibet. Inside the county are four tourist routes bringing travelers to every corner of the dazzling “pearl on the plateau.” You can reach the East Valley in the east to explore brilliant Tibetan Buddhist culture, and Rongbaca in the west (a fork of Yalong Jiang River) to enjoy the infinite charm of Yalong Jiang River, and view the vast grassland scenery of Tongdama in the south and experience the thrilling adventure of rafting on Zakho River in the northwest.


Ganzi, being the name of a temple originally, means “a beautiful and spotless place” in the Tibetan language. It was established as an organization unit some 1,300 years ago when a disciple of the 5th Dalai Lama built the first Gelugpa Temple (Gelugpa is one branch of Buddhism). Before that it was the residential area of Baili Motu tribe (an ancient tribe in Tibet).

During the Tang and the Song Dynasty, Ganzi was under the reign of the Tubo state (an ancient kingdom in Tibet). However, later it became one part of the territory of the Yuan Dynasty, which began after the conquests of Genghis Khan, the dynasty’s first emperor. It administered three sub-counties, namely Kongsha, Mashu and Baili.

In 1911 (during the reign of Emperor Xuantong of the Qing Dynasty), it was downgraded to a county-level city because of the national policy entitled “Abolishing the System of Appointing Ethnic Minority Hereditary Headman and Bringing the Ethnic Areas under Unified Provincial Administration”. In the following year, it began its history as a county, which continues to this day.

In 1936, the Ganzi Boba Government was set up by the Fourth Army, the Second Army and the Sixth Army of the Chinese Red Army. In 1950, Ganzi County was taken by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, and soon after in 1951, the Ganzi Government at the county level was formed. The current local government is the tenth in power since the liberation in 1950.

Tips & articles

Ganzi Town (In Tibetan, Ganze, Garze, Kandze, etc.) lies in the expansive and strikingly beautiful Ganzi Valley, bounded on one side by rolling hills and on the other by craggy rock ridges. The town itself is a bustling place, the last thing one expects to ...Read More
On November 30th, the mobilization meeting of the Four Roads One Tunnel Project in Ganzi was held in Eastern E luo Village, Xindu Bridge Town, Kangding County. The reconstruction and expansion works of four roads: the national road 318 from Eastern E luo to ...Read More
From June 13 to June 18, the Inspection Group of Economic Committee of Sichuan Provincial CPPCC, under the leadership of Sun Tongchuan , the standing vice chairman of Sichuan Provincial CPPCC, made a special inspection in Ganzi Prefecture of Sichuan Province, ...Read More

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by Ysobel 2011-05-20
Chengdu as the Main Venue, Branch Venues Set up in Liangshan, Aba and Ganzi for the first time. Reporter learns from the sixth Sichuan Minority Nationality Arts Festival conference on July, 12th that the sixth Sichuan Minority Nationality Arts Festival is to be held on September, 25th. Chengdu is to be the main venue and the festival will also set up branch ...
by Natale 2011-05-20
(From Beijing Review, July 2010) Of nearly 47,000 species that have been assessed by the GBO, 36 percent are endangered FIGHTING EXTINCTION: Fifteen Thalasseus zimmermanni, known as "legendary birds" for their rareness, are seen in the Minjiang River estuary wetland, Fujian Province, in May 2009. Scientists estimate there are less than 50 types of birds in ...
by Borgny 2011-05-20
On February 3 when the Chinese New Year was around the corner, Silang Wangdui, deputy chief of Litang County in Ganzi Zang Autonomous Prefecture, accompanied by the responsible person of the county s Hydropower Bureau, covered a long distance to Tongwei HQ. Bringing along with the gratitude of people of Azhong Village in the county, he presented to Tongwei a ...