Ganzi County is located in the northwestern part of Ganzi Zang
Minority Autonomous Prefecture in western Sichuan Province along
the Yalong Jiang River. It is 752 kilometers away from the
provincial capital of Chengdu, and 385 kilometers away from the
prefecture capital of Kangding. Ganzi County has long been the
political, economic and cultural center of the northern part of the
prefecture, and a constant battleground in history. Currently, as a
commodity distribution center and a trade center, the county holds
a position of strategic significance on the Sichuan-Tibet Northern
Line. The county covers an area of 5.3 square kilometers, and has a
total population of 846,000.
As has been mentioned, Ganzi County is situated in a key area of
the Sichuan-Tibet Northern Line, one of the “north and south lines”
between Sichuan and Tibet. Inside the county are four tourist
routes bringing travelers to every corner of the dazzling “pearl on
the plateau.” You can reach the East Valley in the east to explore
brilliant Tibetan Buddhist culture, and Rongbaca in the west (a
fork of Yalong Jiang River) to enjoy the infinite charm of Yalong
Jiang River, and view the vast grassland scenery of Tongdama in the
south and experience the thrilling adventure of rafting on Zakho
River in the northwest.
Ganzi, being the name of a temple originally, means “a beautiful
and spotless place” in the Tibetan language. It was established as
an organization unit some 1,300 years ago when a disciple of the
5th Dalai Lama built the first Gelugpa Temple (Gelugpa is one
branch of Buddhism). Before that it was the residential area of
Baili Motu tribe (an ancient tribe in Tibet).
During the Tang and the Song Dynasty, Ganzi was under the reign of
the Tubo state (an ancient kingdom in Tibet). However, later it
became one part of the territory of the Yuan Dynasty, which began
after the conquests of Genghis Khan, the dynasty’s first emperor.
It administered three sub-counties, namely Kongsha, Mashu and
In 1911 (during the reign of Emperor Xuantong of the Qing Dynasty),
it was downgraded to a county-level city because of the national
policy entitled “Abolishing the System of Appointing Ethnic
Minority Hereditary Headman and Bringing the Ethnic Areas under
Unified Provincial Administration”. In the following year, it began
its history as a county, which continues to this day.
In 1936, the Ganzi Boba Government was set up by the Fourth Army,
the Second Army and the Sixth Army of the Chinese Red Army. In
1950, Ganzi County was taken by the Chinese People’s Liberation
Army, and soon after in 1951, the Ganzi Government at the county
level was formed. The current local government is the tenth in
power since the liberation in 1950.