Located in the southeast of Liaoning Province, Dandong is west of
the Democratic People‘s Republic of Korea (DPRK) with the Yalu
River in between, east of Anshan City, south of Benxi City and
north of the Yellow Sea. Dandong City is 220 kilometers away from
the provincial capital of Shenyang, and it takes about three hours
by bus to be there. Dandong City covers an area of 15,222 square
kilometers with the area of the city center being 834 square
kilometers. It has a population of 2,430,000. The area code is 0415
and the postal code is 118000.
Dandong is the largest border city in China. The Yalu River, where
the crystal water shines in the sun, is the name card of the city.
The Youyi Bridge (Youyi means friendship in English), which
represents the relationship between China and the DPRK, spans the
river, magnificent and steady. If you walk along the river, you can
enjoy the picturesque scenery in the urban garden and along
Binjiang Avenue. It impresses the soul to gaze over the landscape
of the DPRK. In the suburbs, lush mountains and crystal water
embrace Shuifeng Lake. The Great Wall, which was built on the
mountains by the river, starts from Tiger Mountain in the east.
The scenery in Dandong is natural and breathtaking. There is
Fenghuang Mountain with steep cliffs, Qingshan Valley with lush
mountains and crystal water, Tianhua Mountain with cragged peaks
and dangerous gorges, magnificent Tianhou Palace on Dagu Mountain
as well as the historic Sino-Japanese War field on Dalu Island. In
the spring, a multitude of birds fly over the marsh and the peach
trees are in full bloom at the estuary. When the autumn comes,
maple leaves make the Tianqiao Valley a colorful world, and the
maidenhair trees along the roads decorate the city center with
Dandong has a long history. As early as 18,000 years ago in the
Paleolithic Age, humans were working and living on this land. By
about 600 B.C, it was under the government of the Zhou Dynasty. In
the Western Han Dynasty, Anping County and Wuci County were
established there. In 668 A.D, the Frontier Command Headquarter to
pacify the East was set up, and therefore it got the name Andong
(“An” refers to pacify, while “Dong” refers to the east).
In 1876, Andong County was established by the Qing Government, and
in 1882 the “Zhongjiang Commercial Intercourse Regulation” was
signed by the Qing Government and North Korea. Consequently,
business between Andong and North Korea flourished. In 1907, Dongan
was identified as a trade harbor by the Qing Government.
After that, the national industry developed rapidly, business
people from home and abroad gathered there, international business
boomed, and the economy of the city witnessed rapid progress.
Andong then became one of the three largest trade ports in
northeast China and the goods-distributing center in the area.
On December 1st, 1937, Andong City was formally set up,
successively becoming the provincial capitals of Andong Province
and Liaoning Province. In June 1954, Andong became a provincially
administered municipality, and in 1965 Andong City was renamed as
Dandong City by the State Council. “Dan” means red, and “Dong”
Thus the Dandong City refers to the “Red Eastern City”.