Located in Western Inner Mongolia, Baotou Prefecture covers an area
of 27,768 square kilometers (10718 square miles), with a population
of around 2.60 million. A 214-kilometer (133-mile) stretch of the
Yellow River runs through the prefecture. Baotou is the largest
city in Inner Mongolia, and one of the important industrial bases
of the country. The city's name means 'place with deer' in the
Mongolian language, hence the city has the nickname "Deer City".
Although Baotou's development as a city is of relatively short
history, records of human settlement can be traced back to almost
5,000 years ago. In 1809, it was incorporated as a town, and it
became a city in 1953, from which time Baotou has been known for
its steel production.
Baotou is rich in ethnic and tourist resources. The best time to
visit Baotou is during summer and autumn, when the weather is
pleasant, and the grassland is in the best condition. Baotou has a
convenient transportation network that links with many major cities
The Mausoleum of Genghis Khan, 185 km (115 miles) south of Baotou
City, is the most famous sight. This is a sacred place where
Mongolian people gather to commemorate and offer sacrifices to the
legendary hero, Genghis Khan, the establisher of the Mongol Empire.
Wudangzhao Lamasery, located 70 km (43.5 miles) northeast of
Baotou, is the largest and best-preserved Tibetan Lamasery in Inner
Mongolia. Meidaizhao Lamasery is unique in layout, as it is more
like a walled city, with temples, royal palaces and city gates.
Both are important centers for spreading Tibetan Buddhism in Inner
Mongolia, and are of great importance for the study of the history,
religion, and arts of Inner Mongolia.
Resonant Sand Bay offers you the unique experience of hearing sand
sing! The reason for this natural phenomenon is still a mystery to
the world. Muslims can visit and worship at Baotou Great Mosque in
the city center.
The best way to experience Mongolian traditional customs is to ride
a camel in the vast desert or grassland, visit or live in the
Mongolian yurts, drink a bowl of hot milk tea, enjoy a meal of
finger mutton, and listen to Mongolian folk songs. All these will
get you closer to the life and culture of Mongolian herdsmen.