White Emperor City

Top 5 Lists

Within the boundary of Fengjie County, Chongqing, the BaidiChengsituates at the mouth of Qutang Gorge which is in the north of Yangtze River.  Going downstream through Fengjie County by boat, people can see the mouth of Qutang Gorge in the distance. High on the towering hills in the north of Yangtze River stand clusters of castles and houses that are hided in the lush trees. This is the BaidiCheng—the well-renowned tourist site of the Three Gorges area.

The BaidiChengis surrounded by waters on three sides and mountains on the left side. Lonely standing among magnificent and steep mountains and waters in Kui Gate, the BaidiChengis extremely beautiful with its imposing image. To climb from the foot of the mountain, one has to take nearly 1000 steps to reach the top of the mountain—BaidiChengTop.

There, people can view and admire the majesty of Kui Gate. Walking to the back of the temple which is situated on the mountain top, people can see the Caoting River winding down from BaidiChengMountain into the Yangtze River. BaidiChengTemple has architecture of Ming and Qing Dynasties, such as Mingliang palace hall, Wuhou temple, Duaxing pavilion (pavilion for observing the stars) etc.

Mingliang Temple was built in the 12th year of Jiajing Emperor's dominancy (1533). It is the main building of BaidiChengTemple. In Mingliang Temple, there are statues of Liubei, Zhu Geliang, Guanyu and Zhangfei (famous persons during the Three Kingdom Period). In Wuhou Temple, three generations of Zhu Geliang family are worshiped. Legend has it that Zhu Geliang used to watch the stars at night in the Duanxing Pavilion. On both sides of Mingliang temple and Wuhou temple, tablets of every dynasty are kept there. In BaidiChengTemple, there are also exhibition rooms to show historical and cultural relics since Neolithic period as well as famous paintings and poems of the masters at all times.
These ancient buildings and cultural relics add more lustre to the BaidiCheng. BaidiChengTemple boasts rich prose inscriptions and historical relics of all dynasties. For example, there are the famous willow-leaf-shaped bronze swords of Bashu period in eastern Zhou dynasty, the hanging coffins relics of the Han Dynasty and the Jin Dynasty, 73 inscriptions of poems and paintings since the Sui Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty. What's more, there are also pottery, cash tree, and other 1000 ancient relics and more than 100 pieces of calligraphy and paintings written or drawn by masters of all times. Tablets cluster stands on the eastern and western sides with inscription of the Sui Dynasty of more than 1340 years' history.

Famous poets such as Libai, Dufu, Bai Juyi, Liu Yuxi, Sushi, Huang Tingjian, Fan Chengda, Liuyong all had climbed on BaidiChengand traveled around Kui Gate and therefore left many poems describing those scenic spots. Among the poems, the most impressive and popular one is "Departure from the BaidiChengat Dawn" written by Libai—"Bidding the Town farewell when morning clouds hang low.

A long trip through canyons I made in a mere day. Monkey cries were heard on either bank all through the way. While the boat passed by mountains swiftly in a row." Therefore, the BaidiChengis also endorsed as "Poem Town".

After the completion of the Three Gorges project, the water level will be raised. The BaidiChengwill be surrounded by water form all four sides which will make the town a fairy land with astonishing beauty and charming scenery. Visitors can get into the city directly by cruise. During the Three Kingdom Period, Liubei was defeated and retreated to BaidiCheng.

Feeling ashamed to meet his subordinates, he built Yong An (Eternal Peace) Palace within the BaidiChengand shortly died of sorrow and depression there. Before his death, he entrusted his regime and his son to the prime minister—Zhu Geliang. Historically, it is called "Liubei entrusted orphanage". Now in the BaidiChengTemple in BaidiCheng, colorful statues are erected to vividly recreate the situation where Liubei entrusted orphanage.

Tips & articles

White Emperor City, located at the entrance of the Qutang Gorge on the north bank of the river, is 8 kilometers (5 miles) from Fengjie county seat. The mini city rests on top of Baidi Hill and is filled with scattered temples and gates. Set among grand hills ...Read More
Until 1924 when the last emperor in China was driven out of the Inner Court, 14 emperors of the Ming dynasty and 10 emperors of the Qing dynasty had reigned here. About 500 years being the Forbidden City, it houses numerous rare treasures and curiosities. It ...Read More
Also known as the Palace Museum, there are twenty-four emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties lived in the Forbidden City, which got its name because it was off-limits to ordinary citizens and is the biggest and best-preserved cluster of ancient buildings in ...Read More

forum discussion

Recent posts

by Tudfwlch 2011-05-23
Lying at the center of Beijing, the Forbidden City, called Gu Gong in Chinese, was the imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Now known as the Palace Museum, it is to the north of Tiananmen Square. Rectangular in shape, it is the world's largest palace complex and covers 74 hectares. Surrounded by a six meter deep moat and a ten meter high wall ...
by Stacy 2011-05-23
The Baima Temple (Baima Si) is one of (if not the), oldest Buddhist Temple in China. From the outside, the Baima Temple looks as if it houses the common collection of ornaments, decorated with cartoon style colors and images that are so prevalent in many of China's cities. However, this is in fact one of the most impressive and truly holy temples in the ...
by Sydnee 2011-05-20
LOCATED at the southwest of Hangzhou and beside Fuchun River, Fuyang is a beautiful small city with a long history. In 221 BC, Fuyang was established as a county of the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC). It is also the birthplace of Sun Quan, emperor of Wu Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms period (AD 220-280). Throughout history there are many famous artists, writers ...