Tiananmen Square

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Tiananmen Square is the largest city square in the world, at 440,000 square meters, and can hold about one million people for public celebration or gatherings. In the square tourists can climb the Tiananmen Rostrum, attend the national flag raising ceremony every morning at sunrise, visit the National Museum of China, and go to the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong, in which one will see the body of the great Chinese leader.

Tiananmen Square holds the Monument of the National Heroes, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of China and the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong. To the north is the Forbidden City and to the south the Temple of Heaven. 

The Tiananmen Rostrum, standing to the north of the Tiananmen Square, on the south–north central axis of Beijing, was the main gate of the royal palace of both the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It was initially called Chengtianmen (Carrying Heaven Gate), which means to bear the edict and divine power of Heaven itself, as the Emperor, who used this gate, was believed to.

In the eighth year of emperor Shunzhi's administration (1652), the gate was refurbished and called Tiananmen (the Gate of Heavenly Peace). From then on nearly all important imperial celebrations and events, such as: the enthronement of an emperor, imperial weddings, the rite of the emperor going to battle, the famous "Imperial Edict Issued by the Golden Phoenix", the worship of Heaven and Earth and the worship of the five grains; all involved passing through this gate.

The magnificent gate has five openings. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the passage in the middle leading to the Forbidden City was reserved for the emperor himself. The emperor went through the central passage on the way to the altars for rituals and other religious activities. High-ranking government officials and the empresses, concubines, princess and princesses could only enter the Forbidden City through the side passages, while ordinary subjects were absolutely forbidden to go inside the Forbidden City, hence its name.

The 34.7 meter-high Tiananmen Rostrum seems even more magnificent in the sunshine, with glittering yellow glazed tiles on the roof and deep red walls and pillars.

Before Tiananmen are the Golden Water Bridge and the white Huabiao, a pair of ornamental columns made of white marble sculptured with dragon designs. They are also called "slander pillars", as in ancient times they carried the ordinary people's slander and suggestions for the emperor. There is also a pair of big stone lions.

Tips: A ceremony for the raising and lowering of the Chinese national flag is held at sunrise and sunset everyday.

Most Beijing tours include a visit to Tiananmen Square. Our Beijing Culture Experience Tour comes highly recommended as it gives a more comprehensive view of Beijing.

1) Take the subway Line one and get off at Tian An Men Xi or Tian An Men Dong 2) Take Tourist Bus No. 1 or No. 5 and get off at Qian Men 3) Other Buses that passes by are 特1,特2,特4、特7、1、2、4、5、7、8、9、10、11、17、20、22、31、34、37、44、48、52、53、54、59、110、120、205、329支、329、509、703、726、728、729、742、744、784、803、808、819、820、821、826支、826、848、859 and 922. One may take these buses and drop at Qianmen or Tiananmen

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Tips & articles

Chairman Mao s Mausoleum is located in the south of Tiananmen Square, between the Monument to the People s Heroes and Zhengyang Gate. It was built to remember Chairman Mao, the founder and the first Chairman of the People s Republic of China. It provides ...Read More
Overview The Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, is said to be the biggest square in the world. It is 880 meters from north to south, and 500 meters from east to west, with total area of 440,000 square meters and can hold one million people. Tian'anmen ...Read More
The keynote of the Sacrifice Hall, main body of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Tomb, was set in white, black, and blue, which are Chinese traditional colors for mourning. However, the colorful glasses discover the Western flavor. The combination of Chinese and Western ...Read More

forum discussion

Recent posts

by Dryden 2011-05-23
The Tiananmen Square was first designed and built in 1651. It was extended to its present size (four times its original size) in 1958. It covers an area of 100 acres and can hold at least 1 million people, which makes it the largest public square in the world. It is the heart of Beijing and the Changan Avenue is leading onto it. The square was once a ...
by Gaye 2011-05-23
Located in the center of downtown Beijing, to the south of the Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square is the biggest square in the world, as it is 880 meters long and 500 meters wide. It was named Tiananmen Square because it is situated in front of the south gate of the Forbidden City- Tiananmen. To the north of the square is China s national flag. The flag is ...
by Andreana 2011-05-20
Tiananmen Square Tiananmen Square occupies an area of 49 hectares (122 acres), big enough to hold half a million people. It was named after Tiananmen Gate (literally, the Gate of Heavenly Peace) which stands on its north side, separating Tiananmen Square from the Forbidden City. As the site of several key events in Chinese history, it has iconic significance ...