Kong Family Mansion

Kong Family Mansion

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Kong Family Mansion also called the Holly Mansion was the place where Confucius’ descendants lived in. In Chinese history, Confucius’ descendants were called “Yanshenggong”.

Confucius’ descendants strictly kept their family rules and rituals. By the influence of Confucian rituals, the buildings were designed with the rules and rituals of Confucian patriarchal system and ethics. Kong Family Mansion was designed exactly as Chinese traditions of “the hall in front, the living room in back.”. The front hall was divided into three individual spaces which were “Guanya” – the place for work, “Dongxue” – the place for reception and “Xixue” – the place for entertainments. The living rooms were designed for daily lives.

The scale of Kong Family Mansion is huge. It is almost as large as the mansions of the emperors in Ming Dynasty (1364-1683) and Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
There were more than 170 buildings with more than 560 rooms at the very beginning but remained 152 buildings with 480 rooms now some of these buildings were damaged and destroyed in the history. Part of these buildings were established in Ming dynasty, most of them were built in Qing dynasty. The total square measure of Preserved Kong Family Mansion reached to more than 12,740 square meters.

Lots of precious historical relics were preserved in Kong Family Mansion. Calligraphies of the emperors, royal poetries, books, royal instruments … almost everything were bestowed to Confucius and his descendants by the emperors of past dynasties in order to show their honors to them. And Confucius’ descendants had got into the habit of collecting the ancient relics to enrich the relics collection.

Up till now, the Kong Family Mansion still kept its original furnishings in late Qing dynasty and early ROC (Republic of China, 1912-1949).

Tips & articles

Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius / San Kong Confucius was born in Qufu in Lu State during late Spring and Autumn Period. He is the founder of Confucian culture and also a great thinker, politician and educator. The Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and ...Read More
Confucius mansion, also named Shengfu, was the residence for Confucian descendants. It is the largest and grandest feudal noble mansion preserved to this day in China was erected during the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is also known as Master Yansheng's Mansion ...Read More
China's coldest temperatures in 50 years brought weeks of chill across Hong Kong this winter. The freak weather also sent a delicious thrill though fur dealers and fur wearers in the city, which is the world's biggest exporter of fine fur garments and ...Read More

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