Hulishan Fortress is on the southern shore of Xiamen Island, and it
was built in 1894 near the end of the Qing Dynasty period. It is
recognized by the government as an important historical site to
preserve. Its construction materials are interesting. In order to
withstand cannon shots, its base is made of a mixture of camphor
tree sap and liquid brown sugar, glutinous rice, clay and sand.
This may sound tasty but strange, but Chinese had used mixtures of
materials like this in other fortifications because it was cannon
fire resistant. This seems to be a Chinese military innovation.
The fortress is composed of the barracks, a secret tunnel, a tower,
a sentry platform, the ammunition depot, the trench, and the
castle. The rectangular castle is made of granite and occupies an
area of 13,000 square meters. It was a major Chinese fort and the
main one of several in the area. There are two emplacements that
were connected by a secret tunnel and places for soldiers to guard
The two emplacements both had huge cannons that were bought from
the Krupp Company of Germany that was famous for its big cannons.
The cannons were 13 meters long. Only one is left. There is a
trench outside the fort.
From the fort, you can see two islands owned by Taiwan called Dadan
and Erdan through telescopes. There are also ancient weapons
including Qing Dynasty era cannon and swords on display.
Location: The Hulishan Fortress is on the coast within walking distance of
Xiamen University and South Putuo Temple. If you go to the
university, you can also see the remains of an ancient wall that
once encircled the town of Xiamen.get there by Route.2 bus
How to Get to there?