Yamen Scenic Spot includes Yamen Ancient Battlefield, Guomu Palace,
Yamen Emplacement and Yamen Bridge. Located in the marine outfall
of Yinzhou Lake, eastern bank of Yamen, Xinhui District, Jiangmen
City, is the ruined place Southern Song, where had happened Yamen
Sea Fight which is the most solemn and stirring and the most famous
event in the history.
Yamen Emplacement was built in 1809 with steep position
closely linked with Seaport of Yamen. The waves, just like
mountainous waves, were beating on the shore when spring comes.
This is a magnificent sight. Yamen Emplacement is beside the
mountain and facing the sea, which assumes lunar shape, with
180-meter arc length, 5.5-meter height and 35-meter depth. It has
two stories. There are 22 emplacements in the underlayer and 21
ones superlayer. There are there characters “Zhengya Platform”
chiseled on its face.
A stele with four Chinese characters “Yanhaifengqing” is on the
nearside gate. There is a blind pass to trench of Back Mountain in
the emplacement which is the biggest well-preservered monomer
ancient emplacement with stately and imposing appearance. There
were armies defending here who guarded coast defence, holy
territory of our fatherland in the past dynasties. The
anti-Japanese guerilla was against Japanese puppet army by the
right of strategic place of Yamen Emplacement in the (China's) War
of Resistance against Japan (1937-1945). The emplacement had been
repaired for many times after the founding of our People’s
Republic. Now there is a retiring room at the back of emplacement
which offers tourists to have a rest. The towering ceiba in the
emplacement is high in the air just like a hero who is safeguarding
the sea defence. Yamen Emplacement is the cultural and
historic relic under Guangdong Province protection.
There is megalith standing erect in the reaches of the river
with huge volume and 3.3- meter height, which is in about 1.000
meters away from Jiangmen Bridge. Several lines of characters are
chiseled on the megalith which record that the Song Emperor Shaodi
and Prime Minister Lu Xiufu died here for their country. Southern
Song was ruined here about 700 year ago. In 1279 AD, the Yuan
army invaded and occupied the capital of Southern Song (Lin’an).
And the emperor Shaodi escaped to Yashan Mountain and founded the
capital here. In 1279 AD, the Yuan army invaded again and divided
into land and water lines to surround Yashan Mountain, and then
they fought each other on the Yashan, and finally, Song army was
completed collapsed by Yuan Army because of Yuan powerful army and
its well preparation. The Prime Minister Lu Xiufu drove his wife
and children to Yahai by sword and then jumped into the sea with
8-year-old Song Emperor Shaodi. The Song Dynasty disappeared in the
history with the surging seawater.