Sun Yat-Sen (Nov. 12, 1866 to March 12, 1925) was probably the most
important political figure and revolutionary in China around the
turn of the 20th century. One of his legacies was publishing his
political philosophy called the "Three Principles" of nationalism,
democracy and people's livelihood. He said that his three
principles were inspired by Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address.
Understanding his life and influence in the world will help people
to understand modern China and Taiwan.
He was born in Guangdong Province near Hong Kong. When he was 13,
he went to Honolulu, Hawaii and was educated in a school. Hawaii is
the big islands in the middle of the Pacific Ocean and is now a
state. He learned English so quickly there that he received a prize
from the Hawaiian prince. After finishing that school, he enrolled
in Oahu College in Hawaii.
Then he left Hawaii without graduating from the college, and
returned to Guangzhou. He fled to Hong Kong after he attacked and
damaged an idol in a temple, and enrolled in a Christian academy in
1884 where he studied English. Then he studied medicine in Hong
Kong and was certified as one of the first two medical doctors to
graduate from his medical school in Hong Kong.
Though he was a doctor, political, social and religious change was
the main goal of his life. He started traveling around the world to
organize people and collect funding.
He died in 1925 in Beijing. Just before his death, he reiterated
something he had said before: “I wish that after my death I could
be buried at the foot of the Purple Mountain in Nanjing because
Nanjing was where the Provicial Government of the Republic of China
was established, and we should never forget the Revolution of
The mausoleum is very big, and there is a big gate at the entrance
to the area in front of the grand stairway. It was built between
1926 and 1929. In the center of the hall is a 4.6-meter-high
statue, and there is a white marble coffin. The mausoleum was built
by the Republic of China government. In 1929, his body was carried
there. Visitors say that the size of the mausoleum is impressive.No.9, 20 buses and No.1, 2, 3 travel buses
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