Memorial Hall To The Victims In The Nanjing Massacre

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In 1937, the Japanese army moved on from Shanghai and attacked Nanjing that was the capital of the Republic of China. Chiang Kai-Shek who was the president of the republic had ordered his elite troops to evacuate. The government also moved on up the Yangtze River. The army leaders thought that it was better to wage a war of attrition with the best troops inland than to let the army be destroyed in Nanjing.

However, tens of thousands of troops remained to defend the city. They were ordered to defend the city to the death. Civilians tried to flee, but many were caught in the city because bridges, roads and transportation out of Nanjing were destroyed both to slow Japanese advance and to keep the troops and civilians in the city.

The accounts of the capture of the city by both foreigners living in the city and the Chinese themselves are of widespread rape and senseless killing of civilians. The estimates on the number of Chinese killed in the six week period after the Japanese captured the city vary a lot. The estimates of the numbers of deaths vary.

It was hard to know because many bodies were burned in burning houses and buildings and many were thrown into the rivers. There was much looting and criminal acts against both the soldiers and the civilians. Maybe it would have been better for the government to have helped the civilians to flee and to have let the army have an escape route.

Or maybe the fight to the death that happened in both Shanghai and Nanjing served to impress the Japanese who were also known for fighting to the death in WWII.

The mausoleum instructs that 300,000 people were killed in the massacre. Other estimates vary from less than 200,000 to more than 300,000 people killed. Part of the reason for the different estimates is that some estimates are for the entire Nanjing Municipal region and some estimates are for only the main urban center.

The memorial was built by the Nanjing Municipal Government in 1985, and it was extended in 1995.

Tips & articles

The Memorial Hall of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders is located in Nanjing s Shuiximen Street, once a burial place for victims massacred in Jiangdongmen by Japanese invaders. As a monument to those victims Nanjing Municipal People s ...Read More
Matsuoka Tamaki, a Japanese person will come to Nanjing again on March 17 to search for survivors of the massacre at Taipingmen by Japanese invaders. Ms. Gao, a native Nanjing person teaching in Japan, who worked as interpreter for Mr. Matsuoka said that, he ...Read More
Mar. 20, 13 Nanjing Massacre survivors voluntarily stood in silent tribute for the victims of Japan s earthquake at a regular gathering. As a witness of the scene, Zhu Chengshan, chief of the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese ...Read More

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Recent posts

by Sarasvati 2011-05-20
Wu Xiulan, a 97-year-old survivor of the Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Forces of Aggression passed away on the morning of February 10. Now there are only over 300 survivors of Nanjing Massacre and 7 of them are at their 90s. When the Japanese invaders conquered Nanjing, Wu Xiulan was 24 years old. She was hit by a bomb of the Japanese army together with 3 ...
by Abira 2011-05-20
Compilation of the first reference book on Nanjing Massacre in China, Thesaurus of Nanjing Massacre commenced on December 13th. Experts from China, Japan and USA will participate and plan to complete the book in 3 years. The thesaurus will fall into 10 chapters, namely historical characters, venues, events, organizations, documents and archives, research, ...
by Kaleo 2011-05-20
The other day, Mrs. Akie Abe, wife of former Prime Minister, Abe Shinzo visited the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders and got deeply impressed by the exhibition. Walking into the memorial hall, one can feel deep grief and indignation fulfilling the atmosphere. The overall design concept represents war, killing and peace. ...