China Gate is the largest existing ancient castle in China, and it
is the south gate of Nanjing during early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
China Gate is located in the north shore of Qinhuai River, with its
primitive name is Jubao Gate (聚宝门). The gate was built in 1366,
because ome legend said that the cornucopia (Jubao Pen in Chinese)
of Shen Wanshan, a tycoon in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), was buried
under the gate, the gate was called Jubao Gate. In 1931, it was
given another name: China Gate. With magnificent scale, complex
structure and ingenious design, it is a representative defensive
architecture in China.
The gate is 118.5 meters wide from east to west, and 128 long from
south to north, covering an area of 15,168 square kilometers. The
gate has three bulwarks which are intercommunicated by 4 arched
doors. There are 27 holes for stationing troops and supplies, with
a total capacity about 3,000 persons.
On the both sides of the bulwarks, there are two packways which are
11.5 meters wide and 86.1 meters long. The grand packways are
‘expressway’ of transporting supplies during wartime, and the
generals also can reach the top of the city wall by spurring on the
flying horse. The bulwarks play a very important role in the war.
When Nanjing was suffering from the enemy’s storming, the troops
could let the enemy in, then close the four arched doors, hence the
enemy was divided into three parts, and the troops can destroy them
one by one.
The construction of the China Gate lasted 21 years. The groundwork
of the gate was built by granites, and that of the walls were
bricks. Every brick used to build the gate is about 17.5 kilograms
weight, with the length is about 45 cm, the width is near 20 cm,
and the thickness is about 10 cm. The skill to make these large
bricks is very difficult.
In order to ensure the quality of these bricks, every brick was
marked the name of craftsman and the construction surveyor, so as
it is very convenient to investigate and affix the responsibility.
That is why the China Gate is still in good addition after 6
Ticket Price: 25 yuan per person
How to get there: visitors can take city bus line 2, 16, 33, 49, 88, 102, 105, 106
and 305, and get off at the stop of China Gate.
- Chinese History
- Check the Nanjing Tours or Customize a Tour in Nanjing