Mount Yuelu Scenic Area consists of hills, pinnacles, rivers,
lakes, wide variety of species of flora and fauna, cultural
historic site, revolutionary monuments. The name Yuelu derived from
a a famous line from the book" Story of Nanyue" written by Liu Song
from the Southern and Northern Dynasties. It reads "eight hundred
square meters around Nanyue, the head is Huiyan and the foot is
Yuelu". The mountain was since ever called Mountain Yuelu.
Except for the beautiful natural sceneries, The mountain is dotted
with inspiring cultural heritages including the Yuelu Academy,
Lushan Temple, Yunlu Palace, Aiwan Pavilion, Baihe Spring, the
Monument to King Yu and other minor historical traces.
The original name of Aiwan Pavilion at the foot of Mount Yuelu was
Hongye Pavilion. It faces east and is surrounded by hills on the
other three sides.
This pavilion was built during the reign of Emperor Qianlong in the
Qing Dynasty and got its name from the poem by Du Mu, which says
"Go up to a cool mountain far away, a winding stone path over
there; There is a household in the depths of the white clouds. Stop
my carriage, for I love the maple forest in the deep autumn; the
leaves in the frost are redder than the flowers in February.
The Pavilion is elegant and of primitive simplicity.
Lushan Temple located at the ancient forest of Mount Yuelu. , is
one of the most ancient temples in Hunan built in Western Jin
The temple enjoys great fame in the region and is renowned as the "
first key point of interest from Han and Wei Dynasties", "the most
sacred temple in Hunan province".
Monument to King Yu
The Monument to King Yu stands on the purple rock wall of the peak
of Mount Yuelu, facing east. It records the story of King Yu
controlling water. After his father was killed for controlling
water, King Yu continued to control water. According to legend, he
did not listen to music in seven years and did not enter home when
passing it for three times.
The monument is 1.7 meters tall and 1.4 meters wide. On the
monument, there are 9 lines, 9 words of each nine, four words less
in the last nine, all together 77 words. The words look like
polliwog, different from bone script. They are very difficult to be
understood. It is said that it maybe the symbol of Daoism, or even
fabricated by Taoist.
But as early as 1200 years ago, Han Yu had heard about this
monument and climbed Mount Goulou of Mount Nanyue to look for it
and wrote a poem about it. Even if it a fabrication in Tang or Song
Dynasties, it is still quite precious as a monument of King Yu
controlling water. There are 10 monuments of King Yu in China, it
is said that all those are the duplication of the monument in Mount